The Ministry of Health has published a document on the prioritisation and distribution of vaccines against Covid-19 which will be presented to the Council of Ministers next Tuesday. This is the content of this priority plan, which divides the Spanish population into eight main groups to be vaccinated when the different vaccines arrive in Spain.
Different groups have been identified by prior analysis of the population size of each of them to ensure that this group of citizens can be covered 100%. With the first delivery of vaccines, which is expected in Spain in early 2021, the following population groups could be fully covered
1.HEALTH WORKERS ON THE FRONT LINE
The first group to be vaccinated will be health workers which are at the forefront of the fight against Covid-19. In this way, the experts hopes not only to protect the professionals for their crucial role in this crisis, but also to reduce any transmission chain that may be initiated in hospitals and health centres as far as possible.
2.ELDERLY PEOPLE IN RESIDENTIAL HOMES AND THEIR CARERS
Senior citizens living in residential homes will also be the first to be vaccinated. In addition, the group of carers (social workers) will also be present in this group in order to prevent a possible infection from reaching the most vulnerable population.
3.PERSONS OVER 65 YEARS OF AGE
The sector with the second priority will be those over 65 who are not in residential accommodation. They are considered to be better protected than those in centres because of less contact with care workers.
4.ADULTS WITH CHRONIC ILLNESSES
Adults which are chronically ill or with severe co-morbidities will be the second group to receive the vaccine as soon as it arrives in Spain.
5.HEAVILY DISABLED PERSONS
Also included in this second phase are the severely disabled persons and persons who are dependent on third parties and / or their carers, in order to avoid possible infection. Disabled people in general have not been taken into account as they are considered to be in the general population if they are not over 65 years of age or have previous illnesses which can make coronavirus infection more difficult.
6.EMPLOYEES IN KEY ROLES
Employees in important positions such as the police, fire brigade, transport, cleaning, etc. will be next in line.
7.WORKERS WHO CANNOT WORK FROM HOME
This order of priority also includes those workers who are not able to work from home, such as hotel and restaurant staff, shops staff, etc.
8.THE REST OF THE POPULATION
Once all previous population has been covered, the vaccination of the rest of the population will begin. Children will be last, as they may transmit the virus, but they suffer less from the effects of Covid-19.
Prioritisation by gender is avoided though the effects on women are more severe, but more men than women are affected.
This document, prepared by a multidisciplinary group of experts, has been worked on since about one month and provides a clear plan, so vaccinations can begin as soon as they are available. Government sources ensure that the depth of its analysis and ethical conclusions make it a groundbreaking document of high quality.